Two BoVac Disc filters L176 are operated in a Gold/Copper Mine in Bulgaria for the filtration of flotation tailings which are used for mine backfill. The dewatered and discharged filter cake is mixed with cement and pumped back to the underground to fill the galleries. For this special application the filtered tailings need to have a certain residual moisture to ensure constant conditions for pumping.

The first BoVac Disc filter started operation in 2010. The implementation of the BoVac Disc filter  for this dewatering duty was part of the mine upgrading and modernization project when the plant switched the mining method away from the environmentally challenging caving to a drill and fill method to increase both production rate, production reliability and sustainability.

During layout tests the tailings consisted of particles with a mean diameter size of d50 of 20 to 30 microns and were concentrated to > 50 wt.-% in a thickener. Target value for solids throughput was specified to 100 t/h and target cake moisture was specified to 23 wt.-%. Layout tests showed that the required 100 t/h solids throughput could be achieved with one disc filter of 176 m² filter area.

Since filter commissioning the characteristics of the slurry have changed especially with respect to particle size distribution. The mean particle diameter d50 increased from 25 µm to 40 µm and solids throughput of the BoVac Disc filter increased accordingly to rates higher than needed. As a consequence, flocculent dosage could be reduced stepwise and the filter can be operated even without flocculent. The achieved filter performance is 110 t/h for solids throughput rates and residual cake moisture ranges to 19-22 wt.-%. After many years of operation the filters are in excellent condition thanks to the preventive maintenance concept of the plant.

BoVac Disc Filter L176

Units installed



Filter area per unit

[ m² ]


Material of construction


S 235 JR

Power of filter drive

[ kW ]


Foot print incl. receiver & tank

[ m ]

9 x 7 per unit

Year of commissioning




Process and Operation Data

Solids throughput

[ t DS/h ]

105 - 110

Solids content in feed

[ wt.-% ]


Cake moisture content

[ wt.-% ]

19 - 22

Time of operation


24 / 7

Maintenance demand




Product Data



copper/gold flotation tailings

Medium particle size

[ µm ]

40 - 45

Flocculant dosage

[ g /t DS ]

10 - 15

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